Ideal for crisp, fresh dry white/blush and all sparkling wines. Also the best strain for high alcohol tolerance. CL23 produces very low levels of fusel oils and other congener compounds during fermentation and so does not contribute much to wine flavour or aroma and can therefore be considered to be a particularly neutral / clean fermenter.
However CL23 does contribute significantly to the wines structure and ferments out sugars completely allowing for the driest of wines to be made. CL23 is noted for its robustness, being able to ferment to 18% ABV. Ethanol, tolerate high free SO2 and high levels of other stress factors such as organic acids, incorrect temperature and pH making CL23 the strain of choice for high alcohol wines or where uncertain recipes are employed and fermentation reliability is a key factor or where low temperature fermentation down to 80ºC (46ºF) is required.
Saccharomyces Bayanus – Very good all round strain, best choice for high alcohol and fortified wines but also excellent for most country wines, sweet sparkling wines and ciders.
If you only had one wine yeast strain, this would be the strain because whilst being relatively neutral in character SN9 does introduce excellent weight and structure no matter the must or fruit and produces a congener profile that always compliments the wine.
SN9 is particularly good when fermenting flower or low fruit recipes which often lack vinosity, weight and depth.
SN9 is another strain noted for its robustness, being able to ferment to 18% abv. ethanol, tolerate high free SO2 and high levels of other stress factors such as organic acids, incorrect temperature and pH. But unlike CL23, SN9 adds weight and high glycerol production making the strain perfect for high alcohol sweet wines or where uncertain recipes are employed and fermentation reliability is a key factor or where low temperature fermentation down to 10OC (50OF) is required.
This strain is ‘fermentation friendly’ in that it produces zero foam, starts fermenting rapidly so avoids potential bacterial contamination and can be used to re-start stuck fermentations. SN9 is also the most osmotolerant and the fasting clearing of all Vintner’s Harvest strains.
Saccharomyces Cerevisiae – Ideally suited for rich, full bodied red wines with exceptional flavour complexity.
Noted for exceptional depth and flavour complexity, R56 exhibits complex aromatics during fermentation conferring an old world quality which one might only expect from natural flora multiple strain fermentations.
Unusually for complex aromatic strains, R56 still respects the varietal character of the fruit and confers good structure and balance. R56 is also a high glycerol producing strain.
R56 is a medium rate fermenter with optimal temperature between 22 to 30ºC (72 -86ºF) which will ferment to 13.5% abv. ethanol.
Youngs Ale Yeast is a customary example of a traditional top fermenting English Ale yeast and is used throughout the country in commercial breweries as well as by home brewers. The pure single strain culture has several outstanding characteristics such as it’s high temperature tolerance, high alcohol tolerance, relatively low risk of bacterial contamination and outstanding sedimentation characteristics, making it a consistently popular option, delivering reliable top quality Ale’s. You can expect a full bodied, fruity Ale with a hoppy, estery nose and palate. When using this yeast you can look forward to a high final gravity that delivers additional body, weight and a fuller flavour to competitor yeasts. Young’s Ale yeast can be sensitive to variations in fermentation temperature but where constant temperature is used it is a forceful strain with very strong fermentation and moderate attenuation properties.
Alcohol Tolerance: 9.5% v/v
Viable cell count > 5.0 x 10 CFU/gram
Wild yeast: 1 per millin
During yeast manufacture, special processs are employed to promote very high leveles of the natural compound – Trehalose within the yeast.
Trehalose is a natural sugar produced within the yeast cells to protect itself during prolonged storage and stress conditions.
The very high levels of trehalose acheieved also remove the need for re-hydration before adding to must or wort – there is now no advantage in doing this even for high alcohol wines.