Saccharomyces Cerevisiae – For sweet white/blush and dessert wines. Produces high levels of desirable congeners during fermentation including aromatic thiols, imparting rich fruity aromatics, full body and ‘tropical’ flavor characteristics. CY17 is also noted for high glycerol formation, further enhancing sweetness.
This is a slow fermenter compared to all other strains in the Mangrove Jack’s range, typically taking up to 21 days to ferment table wines and up to 35 days for dessert wines. CY17 prefers a constant temperature in the 22 – 26ºC (72 -78ºF) range. Dropping the temperature below 15ºC (59ºF) two thirds of the way through fermentation will arrest fermentation making CY17 suitable for producing naturally sweet wines (both potassium sorbate and metabisulphite must be used to prevent re-fermentation).
CY17 is also excellent for sweet sparkling wines, but CL23 must be employed for the bottle fermentation stage.
Avoid free SO2 levels above 50 ppm and ensure pH above 3.2, CY17 is a delicate strain that must be treated with some respect. Pay particular attention to sterile winemaking conditions and a warm start to fermentation otherwise risk of bacterial contamination is increased. CY17 will happily ferment up to 15% abv. ethanol if such conditions are employed
Saccharomyces Cerevisiae – Exceptional strain for full fruit varietal and country red wines promoting good structure, balance and colour.
The majority of yeast strains strip out fruit flavour and colour from the must, not so with VR21 which is particularly noted for preserving and retaining the natural fruit characteristics of the grape / country fruit and enhancing palate length.
VR21 is a relatively neutral strain producing subtle levels of aroma and flavour compounds, allowing full expression of varietal / country characteristics whilst enhancing colour, wine structure and balance.
VR21 is an ethanol tolerant killer strain, capable of fermenting to 15% abv. ethanol. Good production of glycerol, low volatile acid production, zero sulfur dioxide formation and low foaming.
VRE21 is capable of fermenting between 59 – 86°F but best results are achieved when a temperature between 68 – 75.2°F is maintained, unless cold fermenting is desired for flavour/aroma development.
Ideal for crisp, fresh dry white/blush and all sparkling wines. Also the best strain for high alcohol tolerance. CL23 produces very low levels of fusel oils and other congener compounds during fermentation and so does not contribute much to wine flavour or aroma and can therefore be considered to be a particularly neutral / clean fermenter.
However CL23 does contribute significantly to the wines structure and ferments out sugars completely allowing for the driest of wines to be made. CL23 is noted for its robustness, being able to ferment to 18% ABV. Ethanol, tolerate high free SO2 and high levels of other stress factors such as organic acids, incorrect temperature and pH making CL23 the strain of choice for high alcohol wines or where uncertain recipes are employed and fermentation reliability is a key factor or where low temperature fermentation down to 80ºC (46ºF) is required.
Saccharomyces Bayanus – Very good all round strain, best choice for high alcohol and fortified wines but also excellent for most country wines, sweet sparkling wines and ciders.
If you only had one wine yeast strain, this would be the strain because whilst being relatively neutral in character SN9 does introduce excellent weight and structure no matter the must or fruit and produces a congener profile that always compliments the wine.
SN9 is particularly good when fermenting flower or low fruit recipes which often lack vinosity, weight and depth.
SN9 is another strain noted for its robustness, being able to ferment to 18% abv. ethanol, tolerate high free SO2 and high levels of other stress factors such as organic acids, incorrect temperature and pH. But unlike CL23, SN9 adds weight and high glycerol production making the strain perfect for high alcohol sweet wines or where uncertain recipes are employed and fermentation reliability is a key factor or where low temperature fermentation down to 10OC (50OF) is required.
This strain is ‘fermentation friendly’ in that it produces zero foam, starts fermenting rapidly so avoids potential bacterial contamination and can be used to re-start stuck fermentations. SN9 is also the most osmotolerant and the fasting clearing of all Vintner’s Harvest strains.